5. What is The REAL Learning Process Path?
For REAL Learning to happen, a metacognitive learning process is required. That means that you must constantly reflect about your own learning while you are learning so that you can make adaptions to improve your learning.
The knowledge that learners get from their teachers or their books must be encoded, consolidated; and it must move to their long-term memory (Arrow 1).
Then it is essential to retrieve the information from long-term memory to use or apply in a test or exam (Arrow 2).
If they however can’t get the information out to use in tests or exams, it is a problem!
That is why self-testing, self-monitoring and reflection before a test or exam are essential so that the work can be repeated or relearning can be done (Arrow 3).
The 6 essential steps that are part of the REAL Learning Process Path are directly linked to the metacognitive learning process that are illustrated very simplistically in the diagram above.
Steps 1, 2 and 3 are important to get the information into long-term memory. Steps 4, 5 and 6 play a vital role to get the information out of long-term memory.
The 6 steps are part of a logical and systematic metacognitive learning process but once the steps are mastered, it happens in a flexible way.
With deliberate and ongoing practice and lifelong learning, most learners can become more skilful learners.